2004

Fig. 1: The excavation team in Ano Karyes. Fig. 1: The excavation team in Ano Karyes.
Fig. 2: View of Ano Karyes from the south. Fig. 2: View of Ano Karyes from the south.
Fig. 3: Workmen cleaning brush and grass from the east end of the stoa. Fig. 3: Workmen cleaning brush and grass from the east end of the stoa.
Fig. 4: View of the lower sanctuary from the west showing the area of the stoa, xenon, steps and statue bases. Fig. 4: View of the lower sanctuary from the west showing the area of the stoa, xenon, steps and statue bases.
Fig. 5: Ann Byer drawing one of the starting line blocks from the area of the hippodrome. Fig. 5: Ann Byer drawing one of the starting line blocks from the area of the hippodrome.
Fig. 6: Andrew Insua taking GPS coordinates at a geodetic marker. Fig. 6: Andrew Insua taking GPS coordinates at a geodetic marker.
Fig. 7: Michael Tseng running the electronic total station during the architectural survey of the stoa. Fig. 7: Michael Tseng running the electronic total station during the architectural survey of the stoa.
Fig. 8: Andrew Insua taking a GPS reading in an old farm building. Fig. 8: Andrew Insua taking a GPS reading in an old farm building.
Fig. 9: On-site field discussion. Fig. 9: On-site field discussion.
Fig. 10: Tom Fenn with new-found friend. Fig. 10: Tom Fenn with new-found friend.
Fig. 11: George Davis discussing the results of his preliminary geological survey with project members. Fig. 11: George Davis discussing the results of his preliminary geological survey with project members.
Fig. 12: Chief Academic Officer of the University of Arizona at work in the field. Fig. 12: Chief Academic Officer of the University of Arizona at work in the field.
Fig. 13: Pneumatiko Kentro (Cultural Center) of the village of Ano Karyes. Fig. 13: Pneumatiko Kentro (Cultural Center) of the village of Ano Karyes.
Fig. 14: Andrew Insua in the GIS project laboratory in the Cultural Center. Fig. 14: Andrew Insua in the GIS project laboratory in the Cultural Center.
Fig. 15: Christos Koumoundouros, Elias Stasinos, and Nikos Koumoundouros. Fig. 15: Christos Koumoundouros, Elias Stasinos, and Nikos Koumoundouros.
Fig. 16: The church of St. Elias and festival. Fig. 16: The church of St. Elias and festival.
Fig. 17: Luncheon at the festival of St. Elias, July 20, 2004. Fig. 17: Luncheon at the festival of St. Elias, July 20, 2004.
Fig. 18: Nikos Kostopoulos with Mary Voyatzis at the St. Elias Festival. Fig. 18: Nikos Kostopoulos with Mary Voyatzis at the St. Elias Festival.
Fig. 19: Lunch with the crew of October Films. Fig. 19: Lunch with the crew of October Films.
Fig. 20: Expedition to Lykosura. Fig. 20: Expedition to Lykosura.
Fig. 21: Expedition to Olympia. Fig. 21: Expedition to Olympia.

During July 2004 a research team from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology and the University of Arizona, in collaboration with the Fifth Ephorate of Classical and Prehistoric Antiquities, began work at the Sanctuary of Zeus at Mt. Lykaion.

A group of 10 (fig. 1) worked under a permit from the Greek Archaeological Service, issued to the Fifth Ephorate and the Syllogos of the village of Ano Karyes (fig. 2). The upper and lower sanctuaries were cleared of grass and brush by workmen from the Greek Archaeological Service, in order that topographical and architectural studies at the site could commence (figs. 3 & 4).

A computerized architectural and topographical survey of the site, begun in 1996, was continued, with the goal of creating an actual-state drawing of the upper and lower sanctuaries that would include a stone-for-stone digital record of every architectural block at the site. In addition, work was begun on making detailed measured drawings of the significant architectural blocks from the buildings and monuments at the site (fig. 5). Topographical and architectural documentation was carried out by means of electronic total station survey and by GPS (figs. 6, 7 & 8).

A general reconnaissance was carried out in the area of Mt. Lykaion by several members of the team (figs. 9 & 10). Preliminary geological work was carried out by George Davis and Tom Fenn (figs. 11& 12). The Syllogos (council) of the village of Ano Karyes kindly allowed the team to use the spacious village Cultural Center (Pneumatiko Kentro - fig. 13) as an archaeological laboratory including areas for architectural studies, GIS and remote sensing, and photographic work (fig. 14). The Syllogos President Kyriakos Karagiannis and Vice-President Christos Koumoundouros together with other villagers have been most cordial to the team (fig. 15).

Members of the Project attended the St. Elias festival on July 20 that included a religious service at the Church of St. Elias at the southern peak of Mt. Lykaion as well as a luncheon at the Lykaia Spring (figs. 16-18). The team visited a number of archaeological sites during the summer, including Lykosura (fig. 20), Olympia (fig. 21) and Megalopolis.

Team Members

Co-Directors

  • Panagiotopoulou, Anastasia Ephor of Antiquities, εʹ Ephoreia of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities of Lakonia and Arcadia, εʹ Ephorate, Sparta
    Co-Directors Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Romano, Dr. David Gilman Field Director, Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania
    Co-Directors Archaeological Mapping Lab Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project The Parrhasian Heritage Park University of Arizona
  • Voyatzis, Dr. Mary E. Director of Finds, University of Arizona
    Co-Directors Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project University of Arizona

Specialists

  • Davis, Dr. George Principal Investigator, Geological Survey, University of Arizona
    Specialists Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project University of Arizona

Topographical Survey

  • Tolba, Dr. Osama Topographical, Architectural and GIS studies
    Topographical Survey Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Baumann, Matt Topographical, Architectural and GIS studies
    Topographical Survey Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Beyer, Ann Master's student, Architecture, School of Design, University of Pennsylvania
    Topographical Survey Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Fenn, Tom Ph.D. student, Anthropology, University of Arizona
    Topographical Survey Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Insua, Andrew Ph.D. student, Art and Archaeology of the Mediterranean World, University of Pennsylvania
    Topographical Survey Archaeological Mapping Lab Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Tseng, Michael Topographical, Architectural and GIS studies
    Topographical Survey Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project