2005

Fig. 1: 2005 Excavation Team members at Cultural Center. Fig. 1: 2005 Excavation Team members at Cultural Center.
Fig. 2: Team members. Fig. 2: Team members.
Fig. 3: Greg Stoehr and Mary Voyatzis running the total station. Fig. 3: Greg Stoehr and Mary Voyatzis running the total station.
Fig. 4: Jennifer Gates using survey reflector. Fig. 4: Jennifer Gates using survey reflector.
Fig. 5: Stoa cleared of grass and weeds. Fig. 5: Stoa cleared of grass and weeds.
Fig. 6: Ximena Valle drawing blocks of the Stoa. Fig. 6: Ximena Valle drawing blocks of the Stoa.
Fig. 7: Composite illustration featuring back wall of the Stoa, including photography and actual state drawings of existing blocks, section, and elevation drawings. Fig. 7: Composite illustration featuring back wall of the Stoa, including photography and actual state drawings of existing blocks, section, and elevation drawings.
Fig. 8: George Davis recording a dip and a strike. Fig. 8: George Davis recording a dip and a strike.
Fig. 9: Tom Fenn and Susan Mentzer examining a geological feature. Fig. 9: Tom Fenn and Susan Mentzer examining a geological feature.
Fig. 10: Dimitris Alexakis using resistivity probes. Fig. 10: Dimitris Alexakis using resistivity probes.
Fig. 11: Emanuela De Marco walking with magnetometry sensor. Fig. 11: Emanuela De Marco walking with magnetometry sensor.
Fig. 12: Apostolos Sarris holding remote sensing seminar. Fig. 12: Apostolos Sarris holding remote sensing seminar.
Fig. 13: Map of Cultural Landscape proposed for Western Arcadia. Fig. 13: Map of Cultural Landscape proposed for Western Arcadia.
Fig. 14: Sign at the entrance of Ano Karyes. Fig. 14: Sign at the entrance of Ano Karyes.
Fig. 15: Village house in Ano Karyes. Fig. 15: Village house in Ano Karyes.
Fig. 16: Church of the Birth of the Virgin Mary. Fig. 16: Church of the Birth of the Virgin Mary.
Fig. 17: Team visiting ancient city of Messene. Fig. 17: Team visiting ancient city of Messene.
Fig. 18: Group at Temple of Apollo Bassae. Fig. 18: Group at Temple of Apollo Bassae.
Fig. 19: Ayios Pneumatikos Gathering. Fig. 19: Ayios Pneumatikos Gathering.
Fig. 20: Dancing Inside the Dining Palace. Fig. 20: Dancing Inside the Dining Palace.
Fig. 21: Modern Lykaion Games, Yanis Kouros carrying the torch. Fig. 21: Modern Lykaion Games, Yanis Kouros carrying the torch.

Our second season of work at the Sanctuary of Zeus at Mt. Lykaion began June 8th, 2005 and continued until July 13th, 2005. The directors of the project were Dr. Anastasia Panagiotopoulou, Dr. David Gilman Romano and Dr. Mary E. Voytatzis.

We started our season earlier this year at the request of our host village of Ano Karyes, which needed to prepare for the modern Lykaion games to take place later in July and early August, 2005. The research team once again consisted of participants from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology and the University of Arizona, in collaboration with the Fifth Ephorate of Classical and Prehistoric Antiquities. A group of 15 worked under a permit from the Greek Archaeological Service, issued to the Fifth Ephorate and the Syllogos of the village of Ano Karyes (figs. 1 and 2). Further cleaning of the site was completed this year in order to carry out the topographical, architectural and geophysical surveys.

The computerized architectural and topographical survey of the area was continued using electronic total station survey and GPS (figs. 3, 4). The goal of this ongoing project is to make a highly accurate actual-state drawing of all of the above ground architectural blocks at the site. Significant progress was made in the architectural documentation project that included the first actual-state hand drawings of the visible blocks of the 67 m long stoa (figs. 5, 6, 7). This project will be continued next summer and will extend to other neighboring monuments and structures. The analysis of the results is ongoing through the fall, winter and spring in Philadelphia.
A geological survey of the area around the sanctuary was conducted by Dr. George Davis, Tom Fenn and Susan Mentzer (figs. 8, 9). The reconnaissance geological mapping was completed during the 2005 season.

A geophysical survey was begun in the 2006 season, by a Greek team from the Foundation of Research and Technology, Rethymnon, Crete. A group of seven people, with Dr. Apostolos Sarris as the leader, surveyed limited aspects of the site including both the lower and upper sanctuaries using the remote sensing techniques of magnetometry and resistivity (figs. 10, 11, 12). Their results will be instrumental in helping us to select specific locations for excavation in 2006-2008.

David Romano presented a talk to a Conference on the subject of the Ancient and Modern Lykaion Games at the War Museum in Athens on June 1, 2005 in which he proposed the creation of an Arkadian cultural landscape, an area of approximately 300 square kilometers, to include the site of the Sanctuary of Zeus at Mt. Lykaion together with a series of other ancient sanctuaries and cities in Western Arcadia (fig. 13). The idea of the proposal would be to protect these ancient sites and create an archaeological and cultural park to unite them, and at the same time to make them available to tourists.

Once again we were warmly welcomed by the village of Ano Karyes (figs. 14, 15, 16). Many of the group stayed in Ano Karyes while some of our team also stayed in the neighboring village of Kastanochori, where a xenona was made available. The syllogos of Ano Karyes took care of arranging for our housing, providing meals for us, and ensuring we had everything we needed to do our work properly. The Syllogos President, Kyriakos Karagiannis, and Vice-President, Christos Koumoundouros, together with many other villagers have continued to be warm and cordial to the team.

Many of the group was able to visit a number of archaeological sites during the summer including Messene (fig. 17), Bassae, Megalopolis, Olympia, Lykosoura and Trapezounta. A hike was organized one Sunday morning from the base of Mt. Lykaion to the Temple of Apollo at Bassae, a distance of 8.29 miles. The total time of the hike was 2 hours, 24 minutes (fig 18).

This year the team was in the village for the holiday of Ayios Pneumatos on June 25th and we were invited to big dinner hosted by the Syllogos of Ano Karyes (figs. 19, 20). After our season was over, David Romano returned to the site on August 7, not as the co-Director of the project, but as a participant in the modern Lykaion games. He ran in the master's dolichos race as the first-ever US entry. The race was won by the world famous ultra-distance runner Yanis Kouros (fig. 21).

Team Members

Co-Directors

  • Panagiotopoulou, Anastasia Ephor of Antiquities, εʹ Ephoreia of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities of Lakonia and Arcadia, εʹ Ephorate, Sparta
    Co-Directors Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Romano, Dr. David Gilman Field Director, Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania
    Co-Directors Archaeological Mapping Lab Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project The Parrhasian Heritage Park University of Arizona
  • Voyatzis, Dr. Mary E. Director of Finds, University of Arizona
    Co-Directors Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project University of Arizona

Architects

  • Gardiner, Miranda Master's student, Architecture, School of Design, University of Pennsylvania
    Architects Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Jordan, Pam Master's student, Architecture & Historic Preservation, School of Design, University of Pennsylvania
    Architects Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • McCandlish, Jon Master's student, Architecture, School of Design, University of Pennsylvania
    Architects Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Valle, Ximena Master's student, Architecture, School of Design, University of Pennsylvania
    Architects Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project

Remote Sensing Team

  • Sarris, Dr. Apostolos Principal Investigator, Geophysical Survey, Foundation for Research and Technology, Institute for Mediterranean Studies, Rethymnon
    Remote Sensing Team Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Alexakis, Dimitris Student, Foundation for Research and Technology, Institute for Mediterranean Studies, Rethymnon
    Remote Sensing Team Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Aresti, Georgia Student, Foundation for Research and Technology, Institute for Mediterranean Studies, Rethymnon
    Remote Sensing Team Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • De Marco, Emanuela Student, Foundation for Research and Technology, Institute for Mediterranean Studies, Rethymnon
    Remote Sensing Team Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Katifori, Marianna Student, Foundation for Research and Technology, Institute for Mediterranean Studies, Rethymnon
    Remote Sensing Team Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Kokkinou, Eleni Student, Foundation for Research and Technology, Institute for Mediterranean Studies, Rethymnon
    Remote Sensing Team Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Trigkas, Vasilis Student, Foundation for Research and Technology, Institute for Mediterranean Studies, Rethymnon
    Remote Sensing Team Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project

Specialists

  • Davis, Dr. George Principal Investigator, Geological Survey, University of Arizona
    Specialists Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project University of Arizona
  • Mentzer, Susan Ph.D. student, Anthropology, University of Arizona
    Specialists Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project University of Arizona
  • Munsch, Guy Architectural Conservator, United States Department of the Treasury
    Specialists Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Petrakis, Dr. Susan Topographical, Architectural and GIS studies
    Specialists Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Stapp, Nicholas L. Ph.D. student, City and Regional Planning, School of Design, University of Pennsylvania
    Specialists Archaeological Mapping Lab Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project

Topographical Survey

  • Tolba, Dr. Osama Topographical, Architectural and GIS studies
    Topographical Survey Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Fenn, Tom Ph.D. student, Anthropology, University of Arizona
    Topographical Survey Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Gates, Jennifer Master's student, Historic Preservation, School of Design, University of Pennsylvania
    Topographical Survey Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Insua, Andrew Ph.D. student, Art and Archaeology of the Mediterranean World, University of Pennsylvania
    Topographical Survey Archaeological Mapping Lab Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project
  • Stoehr, Greg Master's student, Classical Archaeology, University of Arizona
    Topographical Survey Mt. Lykaion Excavation and Survey Project University of Arizona